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UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Outlook 2017-2030: On the basis of Application type, On the basis of charging Infrastructure type, On the basis of Installation type, On the basis of Charging Level, On the basis of charging Station type with COVID-19 impact

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United Kingdom

UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Outlook

The UK EV industry is growing at a very rapid pace, by evolving through the utmost fecundity and innovation. The global EV industry was valued around USD 22.5 billion in 2019 and it is anticipated to reach USD 160 billion by the end of 2025, while growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 30%. With the impressive growth of EV industry from last several years, large no. of companies has started developing the EV charging sector by extending charging points and other essential EV infrastructure. EV charging sector in UK is seen as an important factor to increase demand for clean power and novel energy consumption. This sector is fast becoming the essential face for using sustainable technology and economics for the USD 71 billion worth energy management systems segment.  EV charging infrastructure in UK is an essential part of battery technology and its assembly, as it enables the fast charging and has emerged as a definite course for resolving the range anxiety of EV drivers and fleet owners in their usage geographies. The industrial developments in battery technology, electrochemistry, intelligent Battery Management Systems (BMS) and innovative Li-ion cell cooling techniques have allowed the outdoor charging of EVs by widely increasing the amount of charging for EVs in considerably less time.

Announcements from industry and government: Pushing a low carbon economy

  • The UK government declared that the sale of new petrol and diesel cars will be banned by 2040
  • The Scottish government has pledged to phase out new petrol and diesel vehicle across Scotland by 2032.
  • Volvo announced it would only manufacture electric and hybrid vehicles from 2019.
  • Volkswagen planned to invest some USD 12 billion by 2025, to develop and manufacture battery electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.
  • The UK government has also confirmed its commitment to “develop one of the best electric vehicle charging networks in the world”. In 2017, the government announced the introduction of the Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill which will set requirements for the provision of charging points.

UK public charging infrastructure is lagging behind EV stock growth

In the recent years the EV stock in the has rapidly grown, as the total no. of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) reached 86,000 in 2016, divided into 34% and 64% respectively and overall representing about 1.45% of the UK vehicle fleet. Moreover, public charging infrastructure in the UK too has been evolving quickly, but not with the same rate as the EV vehicles. The importance of having this infrastructure in place cannot be over-emphasized. In the UK, infrastructure is growing at a CAGR of 44%, with a focus on slow chargers and with over 12,000 total charging points in 2016.

Home charging infrastructure: The majority of drivers in the UK have off-street parking at home, irrespective of vehicle type. Homeowners are the largest share of vehicle drivers, and about 78% of them have access to off-street parking. Moreover, while BEV drivers, the most common group, plug in to charge throughout the day at different locations and about 35% charge at home i.e. off street, typically between 5pm-8pm.

Public charging infrastructure: Availability of off-street is lower in cities, particularly in London. In London, only 48% of vehicle drivers have off-street parking compared to the UK average of 72%. Other major UK cities have similar challenges, where levels of vehicle drivers with access to off-street parking range from, 61% in Edinburgh, 61% in Cardiff and 65% in Manchester.

Further, in the European Union, as EVs go mainstream, charging will likely to shift towards public options and away from the home overtime, with the share of home charging declining approximately 75% in 2020 to about 40% by 2030. The reason being more middle and lower income households without home charging options will buy EVs from 2020 onward. The importance of public charging will likely grow stronger by 2030, reinforcing the need for strategies based on target-market needs.

UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Market Segmentation

On the basis of Application type

  • Public
  • Private

On the basis of charging Infrastructure type

  • CCS
  • CHAdeMO
  • Normal Charge
  • Tesla Supercharger
  • Type 2 (IEC 62196)

On the basis of Installation type

  • Portable
  • Fixed

On the basis of Charging Level

  • Level 1
  • Level 2
  • Level 3

On the basis of charging Station type

  • Normal charging
  • Super charging
  • Inductive charging

Overview of UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

The UK is Europe's largest markets for electric vehicle sales. Hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles are slanted to account for over 10% of car registrations in the United Kingdom in 2020. Charging times and high costs associated with the purchase of a new electric vehicle are among the main concerns of new car buyers in the United Kingdom. In 2019, charging stations that were supplying normal charge of under or equal to 22 kilowatts were the most numerous charging type found across the United Kingdom. There were 20,462 such stations in the country, up from 14,732 the previous year, whereas, Combined Charging Systems (CCS) were the leading fast charging station. As of January, 2020, there were about 29,706 publicly available charging connectors for electric vehicles in the United Kingdom. In 2019, there were 6,212 rapid chargers and 876 ultra-rapid chargers for electric vehicles in the United Kingdom, totally, there were almost 29,500 charging connectors in the UK in 2019. The global electric vehicle charging station market accounted for USD 1.8 billion in 2016 and Goldstein Market Intelligence  analyst forecast the market to grow at a CAGR of 26% during the forecasted period. Further the market is estimated to reach USD 12.9 billion by the end of 2024.

Advances in Technology and Innovation: Revolutionizing the EV charging sector

BMS (Battery Management System)

An efficient battery management system supports the proper charging and discharging of batteries besides balancing them to extend their longevity. A well-linked BMS can assess the state of batteries and can develop complex optimization algorithms that can further enhance the scope, effectiveness and shell life of cells. Further, EV charging players have created a 4-100 Kwh connected BMS designs that can be utilized by the OEMs to improve their battery performance by employing innovative Cloud services. These services help OEMs to evaluate battery parameters while directing their operations and predicting charging essentials on the move. Also, a lot of third-part BMS companies are now independent of Li-Ion Cells and their chemistries give EV OEMs a lot more flexibility for performance and range.

Charger Management and Analytics

As some of the AC Fast & slow chargers feature OCPP (Open Charge Point Protocol) compliance, a number of popular chargers suffer from low-intelligent and incompatibility. The recent technological advancements due to tech-innovations have allowed EV players to fashion new age IoT hardware that adds “Dumb Chargers” to the cloud network to prevail over the various shortcomings. By virtualizing Charger connectivity and control, Fleet operators can cater to any EV and any charger with unified cloud access.

Energy management and security

EV charging needs professional installation and architecture stack, so many recently placed EV companies are extending industry standard to provide state of the art EV charging infrastructure, where contractors and fleet owners can arrange secure, hi-quality and consistent electrical architecture.

App user and Charge Station Control

The surrounding up gradation in EV charging technology will only be favorable when the entire end-to-end operations of EV Charging are automated beginning from locating a charging station through cutting-edge user apps, to develop the charger for the next generation. As effective and continuous automation of the entire structure requires a meticulous gauging of energy, control and safety of users, App based control ensures touch-free operations. Further, billing for the energy consumed, parking charges etc. with the effective intelligence will ensure transparency to the entire value chain. Emerging EV charging brands are providing advanced EaaS (Energy as a Service) to EV fleet owners so that they are capable of automating EV charging and attaining the role of EV faster than before.

Challenges for EV adoption in UK:

Range anxiety continues to be a major deterrent in EV adoption along with the challenge in achieving the convenience and the ease of use offered by traditional fossil fuel based vehicles. High initial cost, lack of meticulous charging infrastructure, unavailability of an electricity grid system capable of meeting the demands of charging multiple EVs at the same time, as well as limited public awareness regarding the benefits of e-mobility may hinder the widespread adoption of this technology. However, with financial investment and R&D across the right technological lines along with supporting policy measures from the government, India and the rest of the world can ensure to bank in on the wonderful opportunities offered by e-Mobility for a cleaner world, a cleaner tomorrow.

Major Players of UK Electric Vehicle Charging Market

  • Charge Point
  • ABB
  • BP
  • Shell
  • Webasto
  • Hyundai
  • RWE
  • Daimler Mercedes-Benz
  • Siemens
  • EVgo
  • EVBox
  • G2Mobility
  • Pacific Gas and Electric
  • Blink
  • Renault
  • Phihong
  • Schneider Electric
  • Efacec
  • Eaton
  • Ample

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Key questions answered in this UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Outlook Report

  • What is the total market size by 2030 and what would be the expected growth rate of market?
  • What is the total revenue per segment and region in 2016-17 and what would be the expected revenue per segment and region over the forecast period?
  • What are the key market trends?
  • What are the factors which are driving this market?
  • What are the major barriers to market growth?
  • Who are the key vendors in this market space?
  • What are the market opportunities for the existing and entry level players?
  • What are the recent developments and business strategy of the key players?

Reasons to buy this market study

  • Facilitate decision-making based on strong historic and forecast data for UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure
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  • Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure’s growth potential
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  • Respond to your competitors’ business structure, strategy and prospects
  • Strategically analyze micro-markets with respect to individual growth trends, future prospects, and their contribution to the market
  • Analyze competitive developments such as expansions, investments, mergers & acquisitions, new product developments, and research & developments in the E&M market
  • Analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders and draw a competitive landscape for market leaders
  • To strategically profile key players and comprehensively analyze their market shares and core competencies

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UK Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Outlook 2017-2030: On the basis of Application type, On the basis of charging Infrastructure type, On the basis of Installation type, On the basis of Charging Level, On the basis of charging Station type with COVID-19 impact

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